"Artificial intelligence has become a new highland for the development of global information technology industry, and has been listed as one of the seven fields of" new infrastructure "in our country. In intelligent manufacturing, intelligent agriculture, intelligent transportation, intelligent medical treatment and other fields have broad application prospects. The rapid development of artificial intelligence puts forward urgent demands for standardization industry. Today, the establishment of the artificial intelligence standardization national team is at the right time, which is of great significance." Guo Huanxin, deputy director of the standard technology management department of the State Administration of market supervision and administration, said at the inaugural meeting of the Artificial Intelligence Sub-Committee of the National Beacon committee. He hopes that the AI sub-committee will adhere to the spirit of reform and innovation, practice the concept of high-quality development, improve the top-level design of the standard system, track hot issues, and accelerate technology transformation, specific requirements have been put forward in aspects such as continuously promoting international standardization.
According to the media department of V1 Industrial Internet Technology Co., Ltd, the strong development wave of artificial intelligence has opened the era of large-scale application of artificial intelligence. Accelerating the formulation of standards for artificial intelligence technologies, products and services has become an urgent demand for the development of the industry and the market, as a result, artificial intelligence standardization has attracted wide attention from industry and society.
Guo Huanxin said that in the early stage, the State Administration of market supervision attached great importance to and actively promoted the standardization of artificial intelligence. The first is to establish an artificial intelligence standardization coordination mechanism. In 2018, the National Standards Commission approved the establishment of the national artificial intelligence standardization general Group and expert advisory group to strengthen the overall coordination of the standardization work in the upstream and downstream of the artificial intelligence industry and related fields, and to integrate the industry's advantageous industry-university-research power, accelerate the development and application of standards in the field of artificial intelligence.
The second is to strengthen the top-level design of artificial intelligence standardization. The National Standards Commission, together with the central network information office, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in July, 2020, jointly issued the "guidelines for the construction of the national new generation of artificial intelligence Standard system", which designed the standardization work of artificial intelligence at the top level and proposed the framework of the artificial intelligence standard system, focusing on basic generality, supporting technologies, propose standard planning and key directions for key General Technologies, safety/ethics, etc.
Third, accelerate the development of international and domestic basic standards, and develop five national standards, including artificial intelligence terms, platform resource supply, and machine learning data standards. At the same time, organize and carry out the demonstration work of urgently needed standard requirements. Internationally, it supports domestic experts to actively participate in ISO/EC JTC 1 standardization activities. In 2018, it promoted the establishment of ISO/EC JTC 1/SC42 artificial intelligence sub-committee and submitted three international standard proposals.
These achievements were also achieved with the strong support of relevant departments such as the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the joint efforts of experts, which were hard to come.
Zhao Bo, vice chairman of the National Beacon Committee and president of China Electronics Technology Standardization Research Institute, also pointed out in his speech that, as the superior authority of the artificial intelligence sub-committee, at present, the National Beacon Committee has developed into one of the largest Standardization Technical committees in China with 19 sub-technical committees and 15 directly affiliated working groups. We have established a group of sub-technical committees and standards working groups that closely integrate information technology services, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing, and government information sharing with the market Festival to support the industrial development. It plays an important role in national and industrial standardization. In recent years, the National Beacon committee has been promoting the standardization of artificial intelligence.
Firstly, the Artificial Intelligence Sub-Committee of National Beacon committee has been prepared; Secondly, the development of national standards such as artificial intelligence terminology, platform resource supply, knowledge map technology framework has been promoted; the third is to carry out the application and promotion of the compliance assessment of artificial intelligence related product standards such as intelligent speech, machine translation and intelligent assistant; The fourth is to strengthen the international standardization of artificial intelligence, support our experts to undertake the positions of convener and secretary of relevant working groups, and actively contribute to submitting international proposals.
at the meeting, Gao Wen, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, analyzed the four advantages and four disadvantages of artificial intelligence in China in his report entitled "Pengcheng cloud brain construction supports the open and open innovation platform of artificial intelligence, it is believed that the development of artificial intelligence in China has four advantages: policy support, massive data resources, application scenarios, and young talents. Especially in applications, such as human connection recognition and speech recognition, China's artificial intelligence is even at the forefront of the world. The four disadvantages are: there are shortcomings in basic theories and original algorithms, and shortcomings in high-end devices and chips; There is a lack of open-source artificial intelligence platform with international influence, at present, the five most influential open source platforms in the world are basically provided by American enterprises; There is also a shortage of high-end talents, and the number of our high-end talents is only 20% of that of the United States.
He pointed out that standardization is an indispensable part of completing the shortcomings and promoting the development of artificial intelligence. Currently, computing power and data silos are urgent problems to be solved in artificial intelligence. Standardized methods are required to standardize model representation, and unified development and service interfaces are required to promote the computing power and data flow of artificial intelligence. In the next step, we hope that the sub-committee will take the lead in the standardization work of artificial intelligence, and promote the accelerated development of artificial intelligence in China.
Huang Tiejun, the vice chairman of the Artificial Intelligence Sub-Committee of the National Beacon Committee and the School of Information Science and Technology of Peking University, said in his speech at the meeting that the development standards must be outlined and urgent. Artificial intelligence has recently been listed in the construction of China's "new infrastructure" project. AI chips, General intelligent computing platforms, and intelligent perception processing interactive basic research and development centers will accelerate the pace of construction. At this time, the most urgent need is to provide a set of technical guidance standard system for the construction of new infrastructure in the field of artificial intelligence. "In this respect, if our standards are done fast and well, we will certainly produce some significant achievements and play a fundamental role in the development of artificial intelligence for the country.
Strengthen the research and development of key standards to support the development of China's artificial intelligence industry
zhao Bo believes that standardization is the most active in the rapid development stage of the industry, and it is still difficult for the industry to reach a consensus on the connotation, application mode and intelligence level of artificial intelligence which is in rapid development, the foundation of the existing standardization work is relatively weak, but this is also the vitality of the standardization work of artificial intelligence tables. However, relevant theories and safety standards often lag behind technological development, causing divergence and controversy, which will bring new challenges to the standardization of artificial intelligence. He said that the national beacon committee, as the superior competent organization of the artificial intelligence sub-committee, will actively support the work of the artificial intelligence sub-committee, in the next step, under the guidance of the General Administration of market supervision and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the sub-committee will be organized to further improve the organization construction and management work, and strengthen the research and test verification of key standards, promote the international standardization process of artificial intelligence in China. He also hopes that the sub-committee can play a good role in technical coordination and control of technical standards and artificial intelligence standards. He can work with the industry to create truly useful artificial intelligence standards, jointly support and serve the development of the artificial intelligence industry.
Tao Jianhua, the deputy director of the Artificial Intelligence Sub-Committee of the National Beacon Committee and the deputy director of the State Key Laboratory of pattern recognition of the Institute of Automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, talked about the next step after the establishment of the artificial intelligence sub-committee in an interview: on the one hand, it is to standardize some common problems of artificial intelligence; On the other hand, in the application process, more normative platforms can be used to lower the threshold; On the other hand, it is worth paying attention, there are some new social problems in the application process. A typical example is that some problems related to safety and ethics have emerged gradually, which are urgently needed to be standardized by standards.
V1 industrial internet learned that at present, the sub-committee has 48 experts and 173 unit members, and has set up basic working group, model and algorithm research group, chip and system research group, product and Service research group, Trust research group. In the next step, the sub-committee will carry out standardized research focusing on the aspects of foundation, model and algorithm, chip and system, products and services, trustworthiness, etc. to further improve the organization construction and management, in accordance with the requirements of the national guidelines for the construction of artificial intelligence standardization system, strengthen the development of key standards and test verification, carry out research on new infrastructure of artificial intelligence, promote international cooperation practically, and support the development of China's artificial intelligence industry.